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Tamil has a place with the southern part of the Dravidian dialects, a group of around 26 dialects local to the Indian subcontinent.[29] It is additionally delegated being important for a Tamil language family that, close by Tamil legitimate, incorporates the dialects of around 35 ethno-phonetic groups[30] like the Irula and Yerukula dialects (see SIL Ethnologue).

The nearest significant relative of Tamil is Malayalam; the two started veering around the ninth century AD.[31] Although large numbers of the contrasts among Tamil and Malayalam show a pre-notable split of the western dialect,[32] the interaction of division into an unmistakable language, Malayalam, was not finished until at some point in the thirteenth or fourteenth century.[33]


Tamil engravings on a column in an enormous sanctuary  tamilnewslive

As indicated by etymologists like Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Tamil, as a Dravidian language, dives from Proto-Dravidian, a proto-language. Semantic reproduction recommends that Proto-Dravidian was spoken around the third thousand years BC, conceivably in the area around the lower Godavari waterway bowl in peninsular India. The material proof recommends that the speakers of Proto-Dravidian were of the way of life related with the Neolithic buildings of South India.[34] The most punctual epigraphic verifications of Tamil are by and large taken to have been composed from the second century BC.[35]

Among Indian dialects, Tamil has the most antiquated non-Sanskritic Indian literature.[36] Scholars order the verified history of the language into three periods: Old Tamil (300 BC–AD 700), Middle Tamil (700–1600) and Modern Tamil (1600–present).[37] In November 2007, an exhuming at Quseir-al-Qadim uncovered Egyptian earthenware tracing all the way back to first century BC with old Tamil Brahmi inscriptions.[21] John Guy expresses that Tamil was the most widely used language for early oceanic dealers from India.[38]


Mangulam Tamil Brahmi engraving in Mangulam, Madurai region, Tamil Nadu, dated to Tamil Sangam period (c. 400 BC to c. 200 AD)

Clarification for Mangulam Tamil Brahmi engraving in Mangulam, Madurai region, Tamil Nadu, dated to Tamil Sangam period (c. 400 BC to c. 200 AD)

Tamil Brahmi script in the converse side of the bilingual silver coin of lord Vashishtiputra Sātakarni (c. Advertisement 160) of Deccan. Fire up: Ujjain/Sātavāhana image, crescented six-curve chaitya slope and waterway with Tamil Brahmi script[39][40][41][42] Obv: Bust of lord; Prakrit legend in the Brahmi script

As indicated by Hindu legend, Tamil or in exemplification structure Tamil Thāi (Mother Tamil) was made by Lord Shiva. Murugan, worshipped as the Tamil God, alongside sage Agastya, carried it to the people.[43]

Historical underpinnings



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